The riots started following bad weather condition that hit the camp including heavy rains and mud as well as extreme cold weather, said activist Marwan al Hariri.
Residents clashed with aid workers during distribution of food and blankets as residents demanded more aid and better conditions.
They also called to be removed from their tents and placed in caravans to shield them from extreme weather conditions.
"The police closed up the camp and asked aid workers to leave the camp. Residents clashed with police but the situation was controlled," said Hariri.
Jordanian security officials said the camp witnessed rioting but the situation was put under control.
The tension at the camp is the latest in a series of confrontations between Jordanian authorities and refugees who complain about bad conditions.
Zaatari camp is home to nearly 42,000 refugees, the majority of whom are women and children from the southern Syrian territories.
UNHCR officials on Wednesday said they are planning to open the second refugee camp within the coming two weeks.
Jordan has urged international donors to send more aid to help the kingdom cope with an influx of refugees after total number of asylum seekers from Syria reached 140,000.(ANSAmed).