Tobruk and militias still a problem for Libya

Doubts cast on laying down of arms after the Paris accord

28 July, 12:37

    (ANSA) - CAIRO, JULY 28 - The more time passes, the more doubts arise on the possibilities that the agreement between Libya prime minister Fayez Al-Sarraj and General Khalifa Haftar will be actionable.

    The agreement was made near Paris with mediation by French president Emmanuel Macron. Comments by analysts and statements indicate several problems regarding the much-hoped-for road towards elections and the role that militias outside the control of both will have. In Italy, there is also the incognito of a new situation that will affect collaboration with Sarraj on the fight against migrant trafficking. The French newspaper Le Monde immediately after the agreement warned that the ''joint accord'' - which was, significantly, agreed but not signed on Tuesday - is ''without any guaranteed results''. Analysts say that the handshake with the French president served as an excellent ''photo op'' but had not been agreed with regional and international powers (Haftar is sponsored by Russia and Egypt) or with the militias holding sway in Libya. Sarraj had also arrived in the La Celle Saint-Cloud without a mandate to do so and even the Muslim Brotherhood - who through their Justice and Construction Party had praised the roadmap presented recently by the prime minister - has rejected the Paris agreement. The pledge to hold presidential elections ''as soon as possible'' does not indicate a deadline and thus does not go beyond leaks on the target of March that came out during the Abu Dhabi summit in May.

    The summit was held and a photo of the two together was taken but no joint statements were issued. A two-thirds majority in the parliament where only half of the MPs usually attend in Tobruk is needed to call elections.

    There is also the issue of Haftar's clear political ambitions, seen in interviews this week in which he praised the advantages of a ''presidential system'' and called for a possible role even for Saif Al-Islam, the son of former dictator Muammar Ghaddafi. The most dangerous aspect is that of militias that only in appearances has been resolved by an agreement for a 'ceasefire' and a sort of amnesty for those that join the ranks of Haftar's fighters or the police, or who return to civilian life. The general, bolstered by recent successes in the central-southern area of the country and in Benghazi, in the agreement only said he would fight ''terrorists'': the term, however, is often used for the militias in both Tripoli and especially in Misrata, under former PM Khalifa Ghweil.

    This is the Libya with which Italy and the EU have nevertheless managed to bring in collaboration to try to limit the number of desperate migrants arriving on their shores: through motorboats given back to the Coast Guard to stop thousands of migrants off the Libyan coast and an imminent restructuring of an operation in Libyan territorial waters. The head of the EU Operation Sophia, Admiral Enrico Credendino, will be in Tripoli on August 1 as part of the work for the new operating plan for the operation. (ANSAmed).

    © Copyright ANSA - All rights reserved

    Business opportunities

    The information system of business
    opportunities abroad

    News from Mediterranean