Migrants: 37,000 hosted through SAI system in 2020

794 projects with 679 local authorities, 80% of guests under 40

22 June, 09:00

    (ANSAmed) - ROME, JUN 22 - The National association of Italian municipalities (ANCI) has said in a report presented on June 18 that Italy's System of reception and integration (SAI) in 2020 hosted 37,372 migrants, down from 39,686 del 2019 and a peak of 41,113 recorded the previous year.

    Refugees, asylum seekers or, more in general, beneficiaries of Italy's System of reception and integration (SAI) are mainly young, male, single and sub Saharan Africans who reached the country by sea, according to an annual report published on June 18 by the National association of Italian municipalities (ANCI).

    The SAI hosting system has replaced the previous one known as SIPROIMI. In 2020, SAI hosted 37,372 migrants, down from 39,686 in2019 and the peak of 41.113 registered the previous year. The data emerged from the annual report presented by ANCI ahead of World Refugee Day on June 20.

    Data on hosting projects In 2020, the National fund for asylum policies and services funded overall 794 projects (down 5.9% compared to the previous year) for SAI. Three in four projects were devoted to hosting people in the 'ordinary' category (602 projects, or 75.8%) and about one in five concerned unaccompanied foreign minors (148 projects, or 18.6%). The remaining quota concerned people with mental health and/or physical disabilities (44 projects, 5.5%).

    The report said local institutions in charge of a project were 679, including 586 municipalities, 18 territorial units previously known as provinces, or Unità territoriali sovracomunali, and 26 unions of municipalities or mountain communities, along with an additional 49 institutions. All Italian regions and 103 out of a total of 107 provinces were represented. The majority of municipalities in charge of a project (62.7%) had less than 15,000 inhabitants, the report said. In 2020, 383 organizations implemented SAI projects. They were mainly social enterprises (55.1%) and associations (18.5%).

    They were followed by public institutions (12.5%), religious institutions (3.9%) and groups of economic operators (3.7%).

    Half of sites concentrated in the south Half of SAI's overall sites were in southern regions: mainly in Sicily, Puglia and Calabria. The system mainly used apartments (85%) rather than collective housing. A reported 79.6% of guests were from sub Saharan Africa (Nigeria, Gambia, Mali, Guinea, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Somalia). A reported 79.2% were men and 94,6% were under 40. About 42% were aged between 18 and 25, the most represented age group. Overall, the countries of provenance were 102.

    During the course of 2020, 14,280 beneficiaries left the SAI reception system, mainly after completing the hosting program (49.4%) or because they chose to end their period in the system early (45%). The report noted that the data confirmed how "the approach SIPROIMI/SAI, even during a health and social emergency that strongly affected the year under exam, was able in good part to provide tools aimed at favoring the path towards autonomy of beneficiaries".

    (Migrants in a hosting center in Brescia.

    PHOTO/ARCHIVE/ANSA/FILIPPO VENEZIA) (ANSAmed).

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