Over 5 mln regularized immigrants in Italy, +43 thousand

2.5 million employed, but growing unemployment

30 October, 12:54

Caritas dossier: while only 40% of Italians are unskilled labourers, the rate rises to 83% for EU immigrants and 90% for non Caritas dossier: while only 40% of Italians are unskilled labourers, the rate rises to 83% for EU immigrants and 90% for non

(ANSAmed) - ROME - Italy's regularized immigrant quota has exceeded the 5 million mark with 1.3 million of these from the EU, according to a Caritas report.

The estimate, made at the end of 2011 is included in a Caritas-Immigration dossier presented in Rome Tuesday. The report shows that only 43,000 more immigrants came to the country in 2011 compared to 2010. Immigrants are predominantly Christian. The majority choose to live in the north of Italy (63.4%), 23.8% live in the centre, while only 12.8% take up residence in the south.

The percentage of immigrants compared to resident Italians grew 7.5% in 2012 to 8.2% in 2011. The dossier also shows a 2.9% increase in the amount of permessi di soggiorno (permits to stay in Italy) in force in 2011.

According to the dossier the majority of immigrants arrive from Europe (50,8%). Africa follows with 22,1%, Asia 18,8% and America 8,3%.

At nearly a million, Romanians are the most numerous.

Moroccans totaled 506,000, Albanians nearly half a million, and Ukranians 224,000. Albania leads the way for university students, with over 11,000 in the 2011-2012 academic year. Italy welcomes the most amount of Chinese, Filipino, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan immigrants of all EU member states, according to the findings. And around 2.5 million foreigners have jobs in Italy, representing one-tenth of total employment. In 2011 the dossier shows that more immigrants lost their jobs than did Italians (-170,000 compared to -75,000).

At the same time both immigrant unemployment and the unemployment rate rose - 310,000 and 12.1% compared to a 4% average for Italians, respectively. Immigrant activity rates dipped to 70.9% (9.5% higher than for Italians.) The report finds that immigrants are concentrated in the lowest band of the employment market. While only 40% of Italians are unskilled labourers, the rate rises to 83% for EU immigrants and 90% for non. Consequently they are more at risk of injury at work. In contrast to general trends injuries among foreigners accounted for 15.9% of the total figure (15% in 2010.) Over a million foreign immigrants are registered with trade unions. Foreign workers employed by families are the largest group, with over 750,000 registered with the Italian social security body INPS. Entrepreneurs account for 9.1 percent of the total, an increase of 21 thousand.

Strangely, foreign footballers account for 271 of the 554 total, and a third of these come from Latin America. Remittances from Italy, which dipped slightly in 2010, are back to 7.4 billion euros in 2011. On balance the income that immigrants generate for the public purse are higher than expenditure According to the dossier state coffers are bolstered to the tune of 1.7 billion euros by immigrant labour.(ANSAmed).

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